Turkish language

Old Turkic inscription with the Old Turkic alphabet c. Turkish is a member of the Oghuz group of languages , a subgroup of the Turkic language family. The Seljuqs of the Oghuz Turks , in particular, brought their language, Oghuz —the direct ancestor of today’s Turkish language—into Anatolia during the 11th century. Ottoman Turkish language Following the adoption of Islam c. Turkish literature during the Ottoman period, particularly Divan poetry , was heavily influenced by Persian, including the adoption of poetic meters and a great quantity of imported words. The literary and official language during the Ottoman Empire period c. One of the tasks of the newly established association was to initiate a language reform to replace loanwords of Arabic and Persian origin with Turkish equivalents. While most of the words introduced to the language by the TDK were newly derived from Turkic roots, it also opted for reviving Old Turkish words which had not been used for centuries.

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Thursday, 7 April Lectures are posted online only after they have been deliverd in class and revised accordingly. See the following online ERN paper:

Jun 01,  · It is impossible to promulgate a progressive strategy in Bulgaria if one ignores the isolation of the Turkish and Gypsy ethnic communities. In addition, an economic crisis exists, and no real measures have been undertaken to mitigate the situation.

Boris Johnson is serious about London – Telegraph 10 February In reference to his cosmopolitan ancestry, Johnson has described himself as a “one-man melting pot” — with a combination of Muslims , Jews and Christians comprising his great-grandparentage. Johnson was born in New York City , [7] but his family returned to Britain soon afterwards, as his mother had yet to take her Oxford University final exams. As a child, Boris Johnson suffered from severe deafness and had to undergo several operations to have grommets inserted in his ears and was reported to have been rather quiet as a child.

I’d rather read Boris than your sad invective. A simple way to keep law and order — make everyone kiss and cuddle – Telegraph 10 February

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Their claims, however, met with a stiff challenge from the broader scientific community. But a California-based ark hunter now believes there is evidence that the vessel and its occupants did indeed come aground on Mount Ararat, the Daily Mail reported. The team of 15 researchers who were searching in East Turkey claimed to have found the ark on Mount Ararat 13, feet above sea level. It seems the inside of the ark was equipped with several compartments that the group said could have been used to house animals, while skeptics said they could have been just as easily used to carry weapons or food.

The structure is partitioned into different spaces. The team claimed they performed carbon dating tests on the wood and said it was 4, years old.

Limited carbon dating undertaken by Schmidt at the site confirms this assessment. The way Schmidt sees it, Gobekli Tepe’s sloping, rocky ground is a stonecutter’s dream.

Mevlana Museum in Konya was built by the Seljuk Turks in Konya was the capital of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum Anatolia. In , the Seljuks defeated the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert , starting the Turkification process in the area; the Turkish language and Islam were introduced to Armenia and Anatolia, gradually spreading throughout the region.

The slow transition from a predominantly Christian and Greek -speaking Anatolia to a predominantly Muslim and Turkish-speaking one was underway. The Mevlevi Order of dervishes , which was established in Konya during the 13th century by Sufi poet Celaleddin Rumi , played a significant role in the Islamization of the diverse people of Anatolia who had previously been Hellenized.

In its wake, one of the Turkish principalities governed by Osman I would evolve over the next years into the Ottoman Empire. In , the Ottomans completed their conquest of the Byzantine Empire by capturing its capital , Constantinople. In , Sultan Selim I — successfully expanded the empire’s southern and eastern borders by defeating Shah Ismail I of the Safavid dynasty in the Battle of Chaldiran. Subsequently, a contest started between the Ottoman and Portuguese empires to become the dominant sea power in the Indian Ocean , with a number of naval battles in the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf.

The Portuguese presence in the Indian Ocean was perceived as a threat to the Ottoman monopoly over the ancient trade routes between East Asia and Western Europe. Despite the increasingly prominent European presence, the Ottoman Empire’s trade with the east continued to flourish until the second half of the 18th century. The empire was often at odds with the Holy Roman Empire in its steady advance towards Central Europe through the Balkans and the southern part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

In the east, the Ottomans were often at war with Safavid Persia over conflicts stemming from territorial disputes or religious differences between the 16th and 18th centuries. From the 16th to the early 20th centuries, the Ottoman Empire also fought many wars with the Russian Tsardom and Empire.

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The group claims that carbon dating proves the relics are 4, years old, meaning they date to around the same time the ark was said to be afloat. Ararat has long been suspected as the final resting place of the craft by evangelicals and literalists hoping to validate biblical stories. At the time, the Turkish government officially declared a national park around his find, a boat-shaped object stretched across the mountains of Ararat.

Nevertheless, the evangelical ministry remains convinced that the current find is in fact more likely to be the actual artifact, calling upon Dutch Ark researcher Gerrit Aalten to verify its legitimacy. Citing the many details that match historical accounts of the Ark, he believes it to be a legitimate archaeological discovery. Representatives of Noah’s Ark Ministries said the structure contained several compartments, some with wooden beams, that they believe were used to house animals.

The group of evangelical archaeologists ruled out an established human settlement on the grounds none have ever been found above 11, feet in the vicinity, Yeung said. During the press conference, team member Panda Lee described visiting the site. At an elevation of more than 4, meters, I saw a structure built with plank-like timber. Each plank was about 8 inches wide. I could see tenons, proof of ancient construction predating the use of metal nails. I could see broken wood fragments embedded in a glacier, and some 20 meters long.

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The word “love” can have a variety of related but distinct meanings in different contexts. Often, other languages use multiple words to express some of the different concepts that English relies mainly on “love” to encapsulate; one example is the plurality of Greek words for “love.”.

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This undated handout photo from Noah’s Ark Ministries International shows a member of a group of Chinese and Turkish evangelical explorers looking at wooden beams inside a compartment of a structure that they claim might prove the existence of Noah’s Ark, on Mount Ararat. Noah’s Ark Ministries International The claim was greeted with immediate skepticism, which seems increasingly well founded. And even the translation is suspect.

Article Continued Below Nonetheless, Ararat has drawn a steady stream of explorers for decades. The evangelical-archeological group claims to have found the remains of the ark in a series of caverns near the peak of Ararat in Video footage provided by the group shows incongruous wooden beams jutting through the ice in a cavern. They also claim that carbon dating puts the age of the wooden beams discovered at 4, years old.

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B Photocopy of your passport picture page is needed in advance for visit permits. C Passports requried for security during the tour.. Synagogue Visits In Istanbul. Jewish community have lived in the geographic area of Asia Minor for more than 2, years. Thirty-five Lay Counselors look after the secular affairs of the Community and an Executive Committee of fourteen, the president of which must be elected from among the Lay Counselors, runs the daily affairs.

In Turkey because of the security reasons; we need to inform the visitors arrival to the Synagogues and get a special permission from the rabbinate.

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Other Calibration Methods As discussed elsewhere on this website, other calibration methods also have problems when it comes to the carbon 14 dating of specimens older than 4 or 5 thousand years. Most of the problem with these methods is that there is no standard rate at which layers form; be they lake varves, ice-core layering, coral colonies, tree rings etc. None of these is consistent.

Many lake varves can form even in one day, not to mention one year. Many snowstorms or warm and cold spells can happen in a given season and make many layers, or few layers per year. Not only is carbon 14 dating limited in its theorectical usefulness any farther back in time than 50, years,3 but its dating accuracy seems to be in question for anything greater 4 or 5 thousand years.

A Sudden Historical Decrease in Carbon Now, suppose there had been a major atmospheric disturbance, such as the one described in the flood “myths” of many diverse cultures about 5, years ago.

Has Noah’s Ark Been Found on Turkish Mountaintop?

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Turkish Men are once again causing heartache all over the globe. Every year, thousands of foreign women enter Turkey and strike up a holiday romance. For some, the holiday romance does not work out and they move on. Others however can not accept the holiday romance for what it was. They join Turkish.

Because of its strategic location at the meeting point of two continents, Turkey’s culture has a unique blend of Eastern and Western tradition, and is often described as a bridge between the two civilizations. Geography Political map of Turkey Turkey borders eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest, Greece to the west, Georgia to the northeast, Armenia , Azerbaijan the Nakhichevan exclave , and Iran to the east, Iraq and Syria to the southeast.

Turkey’s area, including lakes, occupies , square miles , square kilometers of which , square miles , square kilometers are in Southwest Asia and square miles 23, square kilometers are in Europe. Turkey’s size makes it the world’s 37th-largest country after Mozambique. It is somewhat bigger than Chile or the U. Eastern Turkey has a more mountainous landscape, and is home to the sources of rivers such as the Euphrates , Tigris and Aras, and contains Lake Van and Mount Ararat , Turkey’s highest point, at 16, feet meters.

Turkey is geographically divided into seven regions: The uneven north Anatolian terrain running along the Black Sea resembles a long, narrow belt. This region comprises approximately one-sixth of Turkey’s total land area. As a general trend, the inland Anatolian plateau becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward. Turkey’s varied landscapes are the product of complex earth movements that have shaped the region over thousands of years and still manifest themselves in fairly frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions.

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