The national flag, adopted in , is a tricolor of deep saffron, white, and green horizontal stripes. In the center of the white stripe is a blue wheel representing the wheel chakra that appears on the abacus of Asoka’s lion capital c. The rupee r is a paper currency of paise. There are coins of 5, 10, 20, 25, and 50 paise, and 1, 2, and 5 rupees, and notes of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, , and rupees. Metric weights and measures, introduced in , replaced the British and local systems. Indian numerical units still in use include the lakh equal to , and the crore equal to 10 million. Annual events—some national, others purely local, and each associated with one or more religious communities—number in the hundreds.
Top 10 Places To Visit In Kolkata (Calcutta)
North Kolkata, along the river in Bagbazaar. The closest Metro railway station is Shayambazar. The organizers believe in thinking outside the box when it comes to themes, so expect the unexpected! North Kolkata, along the river at Kumartuli Park, just before Bagbazar ideally, plan to visit both pandals.
Chennai City. Chennai the gracious capital city of Tamil Nadu is the fourth largest metropolis in India. Located on a 17km stretch of the Coramandel coast, the city is trisected by the waterways of Cooum and Adyar and the Buckingham Canal.
He had recently established the company’s rail terminus in Howrah. He reported on 19 March, with large-scale drawings and estimates, that: The impediment to shipping would be considerable. A good place for the bridge was at Pulta Ghat “about a dozen miles north of Calcutta” where a “bed of stiff clay existed at no great depth under the river bed”. The bridge was built. Pontoon bridge[ edit ] The old pontoon bridge that was later replaced by the Howrah Bridge In view of the increasing traffic across the Hooghly river, a committee was appointed in to review alternatives for constructing a bridge across it.
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The festival is a religious occasion to worship Maa Shakti, Durga. It celebrates the victory of Ma Durga over the evil demon Mahishasura. The festival is a grand occasion where ornamented, life-sized idols of Durga are depicted slaying Mahishasura. In large open spaces, elaborate pandals, made of bamboo and cloth, are created to house the idols. The worshipping goes for five days after which in brilliant procession to a local river, the idol is immersed so that they make way to their celestial abode.
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WhatsApp Kebabs are the perfect party snacks. The Smokey, char-grilled aroma and melt-in-mouth texture can easily get you hooked. Some say that kebabs actually originated in Turkey when soldiers grilled chunks of raw meat on swords in the battlefield. Whether or not that is true, they were first served somewhere in the Middle East.
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Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. City layout The most striking aspect of the layout of Kolkata is its rectangular north-south orientation. With the exception of the central areas where Europeans formerly lived, the city has grown haphazardly. This haphazard development is most noticeable in the fringe areas around the central core formed by the city of Kolkata and the suburb of Haora.
The main roads form a grid pattern primarily in the old European sector, but elsewhere road planning has a random character. Part of the reason for this has been the difficulty of providing enough river crossings; it is for the same reason that most streets and highways run from north to south. Nullahs watercourses and canals that require bridging also have been important factors in influencing the road pattern.
Housing The city has an acute housing shortage. Of the persons living in institutional shelters in the Kolkata metropolitan area , more than two-thirds live in the city itself. About three-fourths of the housing units in the city are used for dwelling purposes only. The majority of basti dwellings are tiny, unventilated, single-story rooms, often dilapidated. They have few sanitary facilities, and there is very little open space. The government has sponsored basti improvement and resettlement programs.
Architecture In contemporary Kolkata the skyline is broken in some areas by skyscrapers and tall multistory blocks.
Bridal Portrait Henna on the hands of a bride in Tunisia A wedding is typically a happy time for families to celebrate. In the Muslim world , there are colorful, cultural variations from place to place. According to the Quran , a married Muslim couple, both husband and wife act as each other’s protector and comforter and therefore only meant “for each other”.
All Muslim marriages have to be declared publicly and are never to be undertaken in secret. For many Muslims, it is the ceremony that counts as the actual wedding alongside a confirmation of that wedding in a registry office according to fiqh , in Islam a wedding is also viewed as a legal contract particularly in Islamic jurisprudences. However, most Muslim cultures separate both the institutions of the mosque and marriage, no religious official is necessary, but very often an Imam presides and performs the ceremony, he may deliver a short sermon.
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India’s City of Joy: Unlike other large cities in India , the capital of West Bengal has retained a great deal of charm, not least because hundreds of magnificent decaying buildings dating back to the British occupation have survived more or less intact — giant government edifices, local mansions and historic hotels among them. Kolkata’s cityscape offers a glimpse of times past: There’s a bit of East and West here and that’s the way we like it,” says Iftekhar Ahsan, owner of Calcutta Walks , a travel tour company that takes visitors on and off the beaten track in the West Bengal capital.
Here’s our suggestion for a three-day visit that puts the city’s global reputation as a place of hardship into a larger perspective. North Kolkata Howrah Bridge: The world’s third-longest cantilever bridge. With around , vehicles and , pedestrians crossing each day, the structure also known as Rabindra Setu is one of the city’s most impressive sights. On the Hooghly’s eastern bank, just below the bridge, a rustic flower market offers great photo opportunities.
A short taxi ride northwest of the bridge, College Street is home to some of the city’s best educational institutions. The streets in the area are lined with countless tiny wooden stalls with vendors surrounded by stacks of textbooks as well as antique and esoteric volumes. The Indian Coffee House offers respite from the crowds.
Kolkata has 3 main seasons: Summer, Monsoon, and Winter. These months are very humid and sometimes sultry. The average annual rainfall is about 1, mm and most of rain falls in this monsoon season. Winter runs from November to February. Winter is the best season to visit the city as these months are most pleasant and rainless.
Durga puja pandal is one of the most popular ones in south Kolkata. Its themes have been vast and varied, with some years more traditional than others. Location: South Kolkata.
Kanchipuram was, one of India’s seven sacred cities. Kanchipuram was the historical capital of the Pallavas. It was under the Pallavas from 6th to 8th century A. It has been a centre of Tamil learning, cultural and religious background for centuries. Mahabalipuram City Globally renown for its shore temples, Mahabalipuram was the second capital of the Pallava kings of Kanchipuram. Tourists are drawn to this place by its miles of unspoiled beach and rock-cut art.
The sculpture, here, is particularly interesting because it shows scenes of day-to- day life, in contrast with the rest of the state of Tamil Nadu, where the carvings generally depict gods and goddesses. The French ruled this territory for years, and today, it stands as a living monument of the French culture in India. About kilometres south of Pondicherry, on the east coast, lies Karaikal, while Mahe is situated on the Malabar coast.
Yanam is situated in the adjoining East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh. Trichy City Tiruchirappalli, situated on the banks of the river Cauvery is the fourth largest city in Tamil Nadu. It was a citadel of the early Cholas which later fell to the Pallavas. Trichy is a fine blend of tradition and modernity built around the Rock Fort. Apart from the Fort, there are several Churches, Colleges and Missions dating back to the s.
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July 18, All that home-cooking may be incomparable, the street food to die for and the aristocratic clubs definitely an experience in the City of Joy. But think of restaurants in Kolkata and while you have some heritage gems, you may be a tad stuck when it comes to newer offerings.
Places to Visit in Kolkata Places to See in Kolkata The ‘City of Joy’ of West Bengal is the most apt place for the eager visitants as the places of interest in Kolkata are numerous.
Kaziranga, a World Heritage Site on the banks of the River Brahmaputra, provides a wonderful dose of relaxation in what can be a hectic country. The square mile park is the major tourist draw in Assam, one of the “Seven Sisters”, the comparatively little-visited North Eastern States that are linked to the rest of India by a narrow corridor of land. They’re bordered by Bhutan, Tibet, Bangladesh and Myanmar, and their atmosphere is as much south-east Asian as Indian, with a generally gentle pace of life.
Assam is often called “The Land of Slowly-Slowly”. And nothing is as pleasantly slowly-slowly as an elephant safari. Steve McCurry’s India You approach Kaziranga through a flat, fertile landscape of tea plantations, fields of mustard and sunflowers, and rice paddies edged with palm trees. In the villages, men weave rice baskets as big as igloos and children chorus “Bye-bye” to passing cars and coaches because most westerners flash past too fast for them to shout hello.
The park, with its grassland, swamp and forest plains, houses tigers, water buffalo, swamp deer, wild elephants, more than species of birds and — the major attraction — two-thirds of the world’s 3, one-horned rhinos. These curious creatures look like armour-plating on legs, though they do trot around very daintily. The park is home to tigers, water buffalo, swamp deep, wild elephants and more than species of birds Credit: Some even stop clicking away with their cameras — often equipped with telephoto lenses as long as their mounts’ trunks.